Is Side Sleeping the Best Position?
Beds for Side Sleepers
Each sleeping position has its own benefits and disadvantages. For side sleepers and the others, the bed and the pillows can mitigate the disadvantages for a better night’s sleep.
For side sleepers, the best mattress is one that conforms to body contours. The top candidate is memory foam mattresses no firmer than medium firm or medium. Other candidates are pocket coils (for those who still prefer innersprings) and latex mattresses. Again, the ideal choice is to have a memory foam top layer or a memory foam topper.
A firmer mattress is preferred for back sleepers, but not too firm. Memory foam eases pressure on the hips, shoulders, and heels with its conformity.
Pillow choices also figure into the equation. What pillows you use will depend on your mattress. If you are a side sleeper stuck with a very firm mattress, the pillows will be critical to your sleep quality.
To avoid shoulder compression for a side sleeper, a pillow under the chest slightly lower than the lumbar pillow may reduce pressure on the shoulder. A tapered pillow, thicker under the lumbar, would be easier to use than two pillows. It should be shorter than from the pelvic bone to the armpit.
Of course, the sleeper should have a head pillow that, when bearing the weight of the head, will hold the neck in line with the back. A shredded memory foam pillow (such as the Ultra-Luxury by Snuggle-Pedic) can be reshaped to fit the sleeper’s needs. And a pillow between the knees reduces hip rotation and pressure.
Adjustable Air Beds
The advantage of an adjustable air bed is in setting the firmness for your needs. However, if the air pressure (firmness) is too low for a sleeper, hammocking will offset the benefit. As the heavier midsection of the body presses down on the center of the air chamber, it pushes up the ends. For the side sleeper, this means more resistance under the shoulder.
Here is where tri-zoned air beds, such as Air-Pedic mattresses, have the advantage. This middle section is for the lumbar, and it can be firmer than the torso/head and leg/foot chambers. This means a side sleeper can have the air under the shoulder with enough give to relieve pressure.
Many air beds now have memory foam comfort layers atop the air support. Customer comments show that memory foam on air beds works better with tri-zoned air support than with single chambers.
Adjustable bases are used to elevate one or both ends of a bed. The simplest and least expensive is an up base, which raises only the head and upper body. This can relieve snoring or sleep apnea for some back sleepers, as well as reducing gastric acid reflux. Raising only the head also makes this kind of base compatible with side sleepers. With a split-top adjustable base, the head sections can be elevated independently for two sleepeers.
For users who cannot sleep on their sides, the fully adjustable base is ideal. It elevates the head and the feet. Raising the feet lowers circulatory stress by making it easier to return blood from the legs to the heart.
From the medical research studies as well as anecdotal evidence, sleeping on the left side appears to be the best option for most people, especially for those with obstructive sleep apnea and/or gastric acid reflux. There are ways to mitigate the disadvantages. And for those who cannot sleep on their sides for one reason or another, there are ways to compensate.
Articles and Research Reports
Related to Side Sleeping
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